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Flexible AC Transmission System [FACTS] - ( CLASS NOTES )

Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai (C.G.)
Semester: 8th Branch: Electrical & Electronics Engg. and Electrical Engg.
Subject: Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) Code: 324872 (24)
Total Theory Periods: 40 Total Tut Periods: 12
Total Marks in End Semester Exam: 80
Minimum number of Class tests to be conducted: 2

UNIT I :Flow of power in AC system
Loading capability, controllable parameters, basic types of FACTS controllers, review of semi-conductor devices (diodes, SCR’s, MOSFET’s, IGBT’s etc.)
UNIT II: Voltage Source Converters (VSC)
Basic concepts of VSC, single-phase full wave bridge converter operation, single phase-leg operation, three-phase full wave bridge converter and its operation, transformer connections for 12-pulse, 24-pulse and 48-pulse operation.
UNIT III: Current source converters (CSC)
Basic concepts, three-phase CSCs, three-phase full wave rectifier, comparison of VSC and CSC. Static shunt compensators: basic concepts, method of controllable VAR generation, Static VAR compensator (SVC), application of SVC in power systems.
UNIT IV: Static Synchronous Series Compensator (STATCOM)
Introduction, mathematical model, working of STATCOM, V-I and V-Q characteristics, transient stability enhancement and exchange of real power using STATCOM, comparison of SVC and STATCOM, Merits of hybrid compensators.
UNIT V: Static Series Compensators
Objectives of series compensation, variable impedance type series compensation, GTO thyristor controlled series capacitors (GCSC), thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC), basic concepts of GCSC and TCSC. Introduction to Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC)

Text Books:
1. Understanding FACTS by Hingorani.
2. Thyristor controlled FACTS devices, Mathur
Reference Books:
1. FACTS for Transmission lines, Song, Yu.

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